At the most basic level, cartoons can be used to practice sequencing and to create simple dialogues. They can also be used for practicing grammatical structures, vocabulary and for reading and writing practice.
Mad libs are a great way to help students improve their understanding of parts of speech. They are a variation on classic cloze exercises, except that students need to choose a word that is a specific part of speech to fill in the blanks.
This method starts with a theme or context (the “whole”), pulls out specific parts to analyze, then goes back to a text to practice the “part” in context. It can help students work on spelling, reading, and pronunciation skills.