Reading comprehension

clipart of crystal ball containing the word predict

Purpose:  An important reading skill that fluent readers possess is the ability to make predictions about the text. Predictions may be based on prior knowledge and experience around the topic, information from the unit content or established learning structure, or clues from the text itself, such as the title, subtitles, graphics, and/or highlighted key words.

Preparation Time:  10 minutes

Materials Needed:  A reading text with 3 pictures or objects which are connected to the text

Procedure:

outline of a man thinking

Purpose:  K-W-L is an instructional strategy that helps guide learners through a reading text. This activity helps to activate prior knowledge, sets a purpose for reading, and helps learners to monitor their reading comprehension.

Preparation Time:  5 minutes

Materials Needed:  copies of the K-W-L chart (attached below)

Procedure:

man holding a sign that reads free

For many teachers, finding an appropriate reading text for your adult ESL or GED class is a time-consuming endeavor, particularly if you are looking to align the text with the new College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS).  The following three articles from the ATLAS (ABE Teaching & Learning Advancement System) website provide a wide variety of resources where teachers can access free high-quality texts for GED, ESL, and lower-level learners. 

If you receive this tutor tip in your email and are unable to click on the link, copy and paste the link in your browser window.

Contents of the MN Literacy Council's ESL Pull-Out Phonics Kit

If you are looking for small group or one-to-one activity ideas for adult ESL learners, take a minute to explore the four different ESL pull-out kits. The kits take time off of teacher and tutor preparation by providing volunteers with complete activity instructions and materials for small-group and one-on-one instruction in four different areas: reading, phonics, pronunciation, and citizenship. The kits also provide structured support to volunteers which helps to develop their confidence, build independence and strengthen their teaching skills.

Copies of guided reading prompts booklets

This blog post from Scholastic.com (http://www.scholastic.com/home/) contains excellent teacher practices and materials that can be adapted for improving reading comprehension at any level. The post includes printable PDFs of a teacher reading prompt booklet, bookmarks, for learners, and guided reading question cards that learners can use to interact with a reading text independently or in small groups. The reading prompts are written for a third grade reading level, which can easily be used with intermediate and advanced adult ESL learners.

The word find in red letters with a magnifying glass leaning up against it

Purpose:  To help learners practice identifying and reviewing the main information from a reading

Preparation Time:  none

Materials Needed:  a reading text, highlighters

Procedure:

Adult learner wearing headphones looking at a computer with a volunteer looking on

This online reading text repository was designed to create leveled reading selections that are appropriate for and valued by adult learners.  These materials, combined with the research-proven strategies of repeated reading and guided oral reading, aid in building learners' fluency and comprehension skills. This project helps adults become better readers and more informed consumers, parents, employees, citizens and community members.  The focus of these reading selections includes topics such as:  Civics, Employment, Housing, Health, School, Money, and Government. 

clipboard with the word summary and a checkmark

Purpose:  To give learners practice with verbally summarizing a reading text

Preparation Time:  None

Materials Needed:  A class reading text

Procedure:

Materials from the ESL reading pull-out kit

Interested in finding a treasure trove of pre-, during, and post-reading activities that can be used with beginning to advanced ESL learners during one-on-one tutoring sessions or small group pull-outs? The new ESL Reading Pull-Out Kit for tutors and teachers is now available on the Minnesota Literacy Council Website!

clipart picture of four adults sitting around a table looking at a piece of paper

Thanks to Sheri Lear for sharing this great activity!

Purpose:  For learners to develop discussion skills and practice citing evidence as they improve their reading comprehension skills

Preparation Time:  10 mins

Materials Needed:  6-10 text dependent reading questions on a handout

Procedure:

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