Most of us can only sit for a limited period of time before our capacity to learn decreases. Plan at least one activity in every lesson where learners get out of their seats. All students will return to their seats more alert and energized. Here are two examples of activities that require little or no preparation.
To reinforce phonics (and vocabulary), keep cumulative lists of words your students have learned. Use a flip chart, or create lists on a word wall, with a separate page or column for each beginning letter. Review them frequently with students.